Taoism, which bears dense color of God-believing and witch and ghost culture, is the only one non-imported religion in China. Taoism originated in Heming Mountain, in Dayi county of Chengdu, and Qingcheng Mountain, and in the city of Dujiangyan. Historical records showed that in late Donghan Dynasty, Zhang Lin abandoned his official position and settled down in Heming Mountain, Dayi. He wrote Taoist books under the name of Taishanglaojun (a god)’ s nuncupation, meanwhile, he absorbed the local minorities’ primitive belief in western Sichuan. Then, he established Taoism formally. Later, Taoist masters, like Du Guangting, Chenchuan, Zhang Sanfeng, etc, cultivated themselves according to the Taoist doctrine.
Qingcheng Mountain, extending thousands of miles, reaches the range of Kunlun Mountain. Legend said that Yellow Emperor visited an immortal, Ningfengzi, who had acquired the knowledge to become immortal, and discussed with him about Taoist affairs. Later, Yellow Emperor offered Ningfengzito be the governor of the Five Great Mountains, who could lead and manage Five Great Mountains and other immortals. The godhood of Qingcheng Mountain is much higher than that of the Five Yues. Thus, Qingcheng Mountain became a famous Taoist sacred mountain. Later, Zhangling exorcised devils there, so the mountain of Qingcheng became a Taoist paradise.
The Qingyang Temple, an ancient temple of Han and Tang Dynasty, became a Taoist holy land, because of a tale saying that Laozi had been to Yingyang joss house. Two-immortal nunnery, initially built in Kangxi era of the Qing Dynasty, stood beside the temple. People constructed them to make their pilgrimages to two immortals, Lu Dongbing and Han xiangzi. In Jiaqing era of Qing Dynasty, the sacrifice was listed into royal one, which was fairly ceremonious.
The early Taoist central parish of Yangping Temple and Gexian Mountain in Pengzhou, Laojun Mountain and Chunyang Pass in Xinjin, etc, are the paradise for Taoists. Chengdu possesses the world's Taoist culture tourisic resources, and is acknowledged as a Taoist holy land in China and abroad. It is from Chengdu that Taoism was introduced to the whole country and the world.
It can be dated back to the late Donghan Dynasty when Buddhism was introduced into Sichuan. Experiencing evolvement for thousands of years, Buddhism splitted into Chinese Buddhism and Tibetan Buddhism, which dominated the east and the west respectively. From Sui and Tang Dynasty and Five Dynasties to Song Dynasty, Buddhism reached the height of power and splendour. That’s why Sichuan owns so many famous mountains and renowned temples as well as fine Buddhist sculptures and fresco relics.
There are lot of famous temples in Sichuan, such as Baoguang Temple, a renowned Buddhist temple in Xindu, Shuanglou Hall in Liangping, Wenshu Temple, Zhaojue Temple and Daci Temple in Chengdu, Huangze Temple in Guangyuan, Leshan Giant Buddha Temple, Baoen Temple in Pingwu, and Baoguo Temple, Fuhu Temple, Wannian Temple, Goldsummit Temple in Emei and Guangde Temple in Suining, etc.
Almost all the inhabitants in Tibetan region of Sichuan believe in Tibetan Buddhism which is also called Lamaism. Tibetan Buddhism spread into Sichuan mainly during the Tang Dynasty. Heretofore, a primitive religion named Benjiao was popular. Buddhism in Tibetan region adapted Benjiao god into its own god, and borrowed Benjiao rituals as well. In addition, it combined a set of mysterious wizardry and conjuration with Benjiao. In Tibetan regions, there are a lot of famous temples. There is Jingang Temple & Tagong Temple in Kangding County, Baban Temple, Yinjing Temple, Gengqing Temple, Dengqing Temple in Dege County, Dajin Temple, Ganzi Temple in Dazi County, Queling Temple, Shouling Temple in Luihe, Jiatuo Temple in Baiyu County, Sexu Temple in Shiqu County, Evergreen Ke’er Temple in Litang County, Ge’erdi Temple in Rou’ergai, Guangfa Temple in Jinchuan County, Ge’erdeng Temple in Aba County and Muli Grand Temple in Muli, Liangshang Mountain.