|Folk-Custom of Tibetan people |
Tibetans, whose ancient name was Tubo, proclaimed itself as “Bo” and “Boba”. There are some other names, such as “Kangba”, “Anduowa”, “Gelin”, “Jiarongwa”, etc, because Tibetans in different regions has different appellations. In Sichuan, there is a big Tibetan population of 1 million, mainly scattering in the plateau area in the northwest. It is the 2nd largest Tibetan habitat in our country. In addition, Tibetans also scatter in Liangzhou region in the southwest.
Tibetan robes of both man and woman have open front garment. Men’s robe is made of black or white pulu, and it besets colored silk fabric on collar, cuff, front garment and hemline. Women mostly chooses pulu, woolens and worsted fabric. In summer and autumn, women wear sleeveless Tibetan robes, with flowery or colored chemise, such as red, green, etc, in it. In winter, women always wear robes that have sleeves, and they also wear silken sash in red, purple, navy blue, etc. Tibetan women like aprons very much. And in Tibetan language, apron’s called “Bangdian”, which is a peculiar sign of Tibetan women’s clothing. It’s quite vagarious to knit apron. The intertexture is very delicate, and colorful. Tibetan robe is an unsophisticated and elegant decoration, which can be used as stage clothing. Tibetans are all in favor of ornament and attach great importance to it. They usually dress up themselves with jewelry, gold and silver, ivory, jade, and agate. Besides changes of hairstyles, Tibetans also wear every kind of headgear for ornament. The headgears and other adornments are delicate things made of gold, silver and copper, such as floriated bracelets, metabolic rings, necklaces, snuffboxes, “Kawu” (an elaborate box with amulet in it), and exquisitely carved tiny broadsword. In addition, silver dollars and copper coins are also used for decoration.
The art of Tangga and Suyouhua are traditional arts in Tibet. Tibetan residential architectures in Sichuan are mostly constructed relying on mountain and built by laying stones. Tibetans always lives together and develops into a village. In pasturing areas, Tibetans mainly live in tents, because herders must keep finding water source to settle down. In winter, herders reside into buildings: “Gengsha”.
Romantism of Tibetan boys and girls is distinctive. In Songpan zone, “Langzhaizi” is very popular, “Dingtanshan” prevails along the bank of Jinchuan River, and “Dingxiongkou” still remains on Ruoergai prairie. These modes promote free love, without any arranged marriage.