|Longchang Clusters of Archways |
The clusters are large in quantities and grand with exquisite carvings and rich contents. Most archways are precious and dignified because their construction was approved by emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties.
These clusters are distributed in the northern and southern passes of Longchang County , all installed at the ends of the street, echoing with each other. The archways were constructed during the period from the eighteenth year of Daoguan’s reign (1838) to the thirteenth year of Guangxu’s reign (1887). The most refined ones are the Guo Chenshi Arch in northern pass erected in honour of a widow, Arch of Virtues of Guo Wangshi who was the wife of Guo Renyong—the honored grand master for palace counsel in the southern pass.
For the 17 existing archways, there are 7 in the northern pass and 6 in the southern pass. These 13 arches include 5 arches of good government, 2 ones of virtues, 3 ones of filial piety, one arch of longevity, one arch erected in honor of widows, and one entrance arch of Temple Mountain. The archways are 11 meters high and 9 meters wide with the distance between arches being only 10m. Most arches belongs to the storey buildings of stone and wood pieces in the pattern of four columns, three doors and five stories. With dignified forms and delicate carvings, the archways were the typical works during the booming period of arch buildings in Qing Dynasty. They are of higher values in history, construction, engraving, and calligraphy. The archways haven been listed in the Key Cultural Relic under State-level Protection.