|Luoji Mountain |
Luoji Mountain is a national scenery spot located at 30 km south to Xichang, with a total area of 2,400 km2. The scenes of Luoji Mountain are featured with grandness, and as its main peak—Yeereyu has an elevation of 4,359 m and looks like a pond snail and a hair tuft, it is called Luoji Mountain. The mountain runs across Xichang City, Puge County and Dechang County, with a south-north distance of 64 km and a east-west width of 35 km, of which 1,083 km2 have been developed for tourism.
Luoji Mountain has a lot of grand peaks and attractive scenes, so that it is an exceptional natural scenery spot. Looked from far away, there are fogs and clouds floating and mixed in sky, providing a sense of ever-changing; looked from nearby, there is a dense distribution of flowers, including pinkster flower, which seems are blossoming altogether. There are the limestone caves and red rocks everywhere, Wucai Lake that is reputed as “paradise pond”, and spring waterfall. The fogs and clouds surround the peaks, making the peaks faintly discernable, like dragons flying in sky. It is rare for Luoji Mountain to have so intensive peaks, so grand area, so strange shape and be so close to urban area.
The scenes of Luoji Mountain is reputed as “Five Exquisites”, including groove on glacier, sharp back of pyramidal peak, sea of pinkster flower, colorful lake and spring waterfall, but actually its scenes are far more wonderful.
The Luoji Mountain area has wide distribution of quaternary glacier, and reserves the worldly largest complete primitive glacier relics, such as cirque, glacier stove, pyramidal peak, sharp back, glacier depression, glacial slope, glacial step, glacial surface, glacial groove, moutonnee, valley, glacial rock hill and side rock, with high value of tourism, exploration and scientific investigation.
The glacier eclipsed and tilled lakes of Luoji Mountain are the most imposing, distributed at glacial fences and cirque of beyond 3,650 m elevation in various stages. According to incomplete statistics, beyond 50 lakes have water conservation all year round, in the shape of round or oval, with the width of 200-300 m and the depth of 70-80m. The bottoms and banks of glacier-eclipsed lakes are huge slates, and some are uncovered footstone. The bottoms and banks of glacier-tilled lakes are mainly rocks and grits. Some lakes stretch into the peninsula or lake-center island. All the surrounding lakes have a lot of glacier-eclipsed and tilled rocks. According to the color of bottom rock, vegetations or withered vegetations and grasses in lake, the water shows different colors including blue, brown, carbuncle, olive green and dark green, which is really charming. The lake scenes with the worth of investigating and tourism include pearl lakes, colorful lakes, Diecui Lake, Sisters Lake, Gan Lake, Huanglong Lake, Heilong Lake and spring waterfall.
Luoji Mountain has high landscape and vertical weather zones, and due to closed geology with rare population, there are various primary forests, rare animals, wild flowers and funguses. It has the primary forests in beyond 20 thousand hectares, where grow beyond 30 varieties of rare plants listed on the first group of protected plants, and beyond 30 varieties of rare animals protected by the government including scut monkey, small panda, golden cat, musk deer, corvine, goat antelope, red deer, pangolin, red-belly tragopan, white pheasant, gray parrot, paddock, Baoxing tree toad, Daliang verruca and Dongpo cuttle fish. Due to its fruitful resources of plant and animal, Luoji Mountain has become a precious “Gen pool” of ecological resources of China, not only with high visual value, but also as an important base of scientific investigation and research.
On its history, Luoji Mountain was an early Buddhism holy place of China. Buddhism originated from Han Dynasty and became popular in Tang Dynasty (at the peak year, there were beyond 3,000 monks just in Luoji Temple), with many temples established and the relics still existing till now. After the end of Tang Dynasty, due to wars and other reasons, the Buddhism was declining, so that it was described as that “After the declining of Luoji, there arouse E’mei” and “If Luoji flourishes again, E’mei will begin declining”. The Buddhists call Luoji Mountain as “Ziwei”. From the beginning of Qing Dynasty till the period of Daoguang and Xianfeng, the temples flourished again. According to records, at west foothill of Luoji Mountain, there were 13 temples of Kongtong (a branch of Buddhism). Luoji Mountain has green water, clam valleys and flying fogs, so that it is so beautiful and called by Buddhists as a fairyland.